講演会(社会科学研究所)
Alison Post氏講演会(社会科学研究所)
Cities and Politics in the Developing World: Recent Achievements and Avenues for Future Research
日時:2019年12月11日(火)15:00~16:30 (14:30開場)

場所:東京大学本郷キャンパス 赤門総合研究棟 549室
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講師:Alison Post (Associate Professor of Political Science and Global Metropolitan Studies at the University of California, Berkeley)

要旨:The last 20 years have witnessed an impressive outpouring of political science research examining urban politics in the developing world, building on a broader wave of research on subnational politics. This work advances our understanding of phenomena such as clientelism, law and order, and local public goods provision. This research wave has also spurred methodological innovations, particularly in the use of spatial data. Scholarship could be strengthened, however, through more careful attention to how the urban setting of this research affects the politics examined. This article proposes two distinct ways in which urban politics can be conceptualized: politics taking place in urban agglomerations, characterized by large, diverse populations settled at high densities; or politics taking place within the boundaries of city jurisdictions, possessing legal powers and responsibilities distinct from those at other tiers of government or in rural areas. Adopting either of these conceptualizations illuminates new avenues for empirical work, theoretical innovation, and improved measurement. This article also shows that recent scholarship has neglected important, and fundamentally political, topics such as urban political economy, land markets, and environmental harms. Engaging with these areas would allow political scientists to revisit classic questions regarding the institutional influences on economic growth, the politics of redistribution, and the determinants of collective action.

講師プロフィール:Alison E. Post is an Associate Professor of Political Science and Global Metropolitan Studies at the University of California, Berkeley. She also serves as the Co-Director of the Global Metropolitan Studies Program at Berkeley. Her research lies at the intersection of comparative urban politics and comparative political economy, focusing on Latin America and the developing world more broadly. It examines the political and institutional factors affecting vital urban services. Published and ongoing research focuses on the politics of regulation and business-government relations, decentralization, welfare state politics, and the effects of increasing government transparency. She is the author of Foreign and Domestic Investment in Argentina: The Politics of Privatized Infrastructure (Cambridge University Press, 2014) and articles in the Annual Review of Political Science, Comparative Politics, Governance, Perspectives on Politics, Politics & Society, Studies in Comparative International Development, World Development, and other outlets. She has been named a Clarence Stone Scholar (an early career award) by the Urban Politics Section of the American Political Science Association, and received U.C. Berkeley's campus-wide Carol D. Soc award for mentoring graduate students.
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