Lecture "Elite Cooptation and Opposition Division in Electoral Authoritarian Regimes"
Leonardo R. Arriola´╝łUniversity of California, Berkeley´╝ë
Date: March 28, 2018 (Wed) 12:15-13:45 (11:45 Open)

Venue: Room 549, Akamon General Research Building, Hongo Campus,
University of Tokyo
Access Map

Speaker: Leonardo R. Arriola (Department of Political Science, UC Berkeley)
About Prof. Arriola

Abstract: Elections in authoritarian regimes can serve as institutional tools that enable dictators to "divide and conquer" their opponents. We argue that incumbents strategically rotate cabinet appointments before elections to signal the likelihood that they will invite opposition politicians into government. This dynamic induces opposition forces to divide. Analyzing data on cabinet appointments in 36 African countries, we demonstrate that a greater rate of pre-electoral cabinet reshuffling is associated with a larger effective number of opposition candidates. Our findings suggest that autocratic incumbents can weaken opposition through this form of patronage cooptation even in the absence of electoral fraud or outright manipulation.